Chapter 7 is the fourth observational practicum. The preceding chapters (2 through 6) prepare the students to observe human populations. Observing humans illustrates that brain development has progressed to an extreme degree and that that gives humans social abilities which make it possible to live together in densely populated cities throughout the world. These urban populations demonstrate the far-reaching management and organizational capacities that are necessary to being able to live together in cities. This can require people to modify their behavior to such an extent that some changes in human personality structure may be the result. In the bigger cities in the Netherlands (e.g., Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht), the young people making the observations will have direct personal experience of what it is like to live in densely populated areas. They grow up in densely population situations and are raised, and even forced, to adapt their behavior to conform to social norms (Elias, 1939). Applying the knowledge of biology that they have learned in school, boys and girls can understand the physical and biological nature of their families. They can see aspects of themselves in the Aspect Framework.

It will also be very enriching for students to observe families in the large cities of other continents which have had a different historical development.

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Chapter 8